Pranav said, “I have not completed my homework. We have won the match.” (Direct), He exclaimed with delight that they had won the match. Later, maybe we want to tell someone else what the first person said. He said, “What a fine bird it is!” (Direct),  He exclaimed that it was a very fine bird. Reported speech is used when you want to tell someone else what a person said before. https://www.directindirectspeech.com Page 1 Direct and Indirect Speech Rules PDF Table of Contents Identify Reported Speech and Reported Speech Direct and Indirect Speech Punctuation Rules Use of Conjunction “that” Rules for Changing Pronouns in Indirect Speech Indirect Speech Rules for All Tenses Rules for Change in Time and Adverb in Indirect Speech Reported speech (also called indirect speech) relates what the person said, but does not use the exact words. The rules for changing the tense of the verb from direct speech are presented and practised. (c)  the pronouns and the tenses are also changed. Grammar explanation. Reported Speech Rules PDF. He said to me, ‘You are a clever boy” (Direct), He told me that I was a clever boy. %���� Reported speech (also called indirect speech) relates what the person said, but does not use the exact words. Click here to download this explanation in PDF. Report a dialogue... 7.                 Pranav said that He had not completed his homework. Learning direct indirect speech rules is not difficult as they are based on tenses. (Indirect), 3. She said Moo was living there with them. He applauded him saying that he had brought victory. This Parallel Structure Quiz is a multiple choice test where you need to decide in which of the two sentences the rules on parallelism are correct. Example: He … endobj Reported Speech Exercise 7 - statements, questions, commands. The first is direct speech when we express what the speaker said as it is and the second is indirect speech where we express what was said in our words. Adjective and Adverbs - Downloadable PDF Worksheets for English Language Learners - Intermediate Level (B1) Home / B1 / Grammar / Reported Speech Reported Speech (B1) (a) The rule I: The reporting verb ‘said’ is changed into asked or enquired of; as, He asked me whether/if I would go. It can be asked in gap filling as giving the right verb forms. 1 0 obj <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 20 0 R 28 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> (Indirect), (b)   I said, “Ile has not done his homework.” (Direct), I said that he had not done his homework. So learning direct and indirect speech rules is very necessary. English B1 Reported speech (indirect speech) Reported speech (indirekte Rede) Quoted speech (direct speech) Reported speech (indirect speech) Quoting word-for-word what someone has stated or asked is called “quoted speech” (also “direct speech”).In quoted speech, what a …  The gardener said that he had been watering the plants since morning. It can be asked in gap filling as giving the right verb forms. In such an event a new reporting verb. direct speech reported speech; She said, "I saw Mary yesterday." Indirect Speech: He said that he had met his friend the previous day. The structure of the independent clause depends on whether the speaker is reporting a statement, a question or a command.  (Indirect). Direct speech is not very common in spoken English. The worksheet is suitable for both classroom practice and self-study. Reported Speech Tenses Change Chart. (b) Rule II. Grammar Rules with 10 Tips on using Direct & Indirect Speech Looking for Questions instead of tips? Rule IV. 3. Tenses in reported speech. Therefore, you need to learn how to transform direct speech into reported speech.        introducing ‘to’ in place of inverted commas. Can, May, Might, Should, Might, etc. When we want to report an order or request, we can use a verb like 'tell' with a to-clause: He told me to go away. Note: The sign of exclamation (!) He said to me. 2. 2. Sometimes someone says a sentence, for example "I'm going to the cinema tonight". First, change the exclamatory or optative sentences into assertive sentences and then follow Rule II in the case of assertive sentences. Use the reporting verb such as (say, said to) in its correct tense. (b)  the comma after the main verb disappears. (Indirect). (Indirect). REPORTED SPEECH RS 4 Reported Commands: Change to reported speech using the person and the verb in brackets! All nouns and pronouns in the vocative case in the reported speech are turned into the personal object of the reporting verb. Reported speech: orders, requests & suggestions. (Direct), He confessed with regret that he had been very extravagant. Direct Speech: He said, “I will go to college tomorrow”. (Indirect), He said, -Gold is One of the most useful metals.” (Direct), He said that gold is one of the most useful metals. is never retained in the indirect form and the subject is brought before the verb as in assertive sentences. should be omitted but the sense of the sentence should be retained. This powerpoint presentation can be used to introduce the Reported Speech. He said (that) he liked coffee. stream while exclamatory and optative sentences end with a mark of exclamation (!). If you aren’t a grammar ninja yet, you have the right not to know all this obscure and horrid terminology which I deal with every day.But the fact that you don’t know the name of a grammatical structure doesn’t mean you don’t use it.Direct and reported speech are undoubtedly two of the most frequently-used grammar notions in every language.Every single sentence you repeat, believe it or not, is in direct or reported speech. advised., etc.,       Â, He said to me, “Please. When the actual words of the speaker are reproduced, it is called direct speech. (c) Follow the rules for the change of tenses, personal pronouns etc., as in the case of assertive sentences. You often need to change verbs and pronouns to keep the original meaning. @�%h��C��c:8��k9$�g2�@���q��()���7�O6������CZ&�~��v#u%���I�')��+y������b\�2���v����3��LZ8~�Z)�S�d؀��A�������@mZ%��3��)(�E��pw�` "����P��n��A�q�. Sometimes someone says a sentence, for example "I'm going to the cinema tonight". The general rule is that reported speech … Considering this Edumantra is providing reported speech rules and direct and indirect speech examples in a very easy and convenient manner followed by direct and indirect speech exercises for a nice practice. Below is a reported speech tense change chart with the rules for backshifting for each tense and for modal verbs. When we use the exact words of the speaker without any change anywhere, it is called direct form. Reported Speech Exercise 8 - questions, commands Reported or indirect speech occurs when you tell somebody else what you or another person said before. The reporting verb ‘said’ is changed into told, added, observed, remarked, promised etc. She said she had seen Mary the day before. www.iqbalkalmati.blogspot.com. Reported Speech.  Remove the comma and the inverted commas. We can write this in reported speech as follows : Malcolm said (that) he liked coffee. Note (1) There is no comma after said. Direct and Indirect speech is directly not asked in class 9 and 10 in CBSE Board but reported speech is not out of syllabus. Direct and Indirect speech is directly not asked in class 9 and 10 in CBSE Board but reported speech is not out of syllabus. His mother told him not to play with matches. Direct Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words without any change. DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH (With Rules and Examples). Indirect Speech for Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences Change in Pronoun in Indirect Speech Change in Time and Adverb in Indirect Speech Read this article and find out what other changes are made in reported speech. This is a letter that Andrew wrote ten years ago: past simple: John said, "We bought a house last week." Simple past Present continuous I’m working at the moment. Shruti said, “Brother, I am already late.” (Direct), Shruti told her brother that she was already late. Prepared By:. Grammar B1-B2: Reported speech 1: 1. She said, "I might bring a friend to the party." Narration rules given on Edumantra are convenient for all classes. Direct Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words without any change. Yes! Reported speech tense shifting chart showing indirect speech to direct speech tense shift-- Present simple to past simple, present continuous to past continuous, etc. The worksheet is suitable for … Example No. Click here for a list of reported speech exercises. <> It only foccusses on the affirmative form. Rules for converting Indirect Speech into Direct Speech The following rules should be followed while converting an indirect speech to direct speech: 1. Note (1) There is no comma after said. Direct Speech: He said, “I met my friend yesterday. This worksheet teaches reported speech. Rule VII. Direct Speech: She said, “I am busy today”. Common sense, together with the time aspect from the speaker’s point of view, are more important than the rules when He said that his mother was there. Simple past Present continuous I’m working at the moment. Read the explanation to learn more. (JIM, OFFER) Jim offered to drive him/her home. Are you feeling Past continuous Simple Past I was there last year. direct speech: 'I work in a bank,' said Daniel. (ii)In the indirect form, the main words are the same but the construction is a bit different. Direct to indirect speech: He is ill. - I knew he ___ ill. 2. (Indirect), Mr John said, “Is Mr Gupta at home?” (Direct), Mr John inquired if Mr Gupta was at home. www.iqbalkalmati.blogspot.com. 3 0 obj Obviously, if you report what somebody else has said, you y do not normally use the speakers exact words (direct speech), but reported (indirect) speech. As suited to the reported speech, is added with every sentence. ... PDF Version. Learn useful grammar rules in relation to Reported speech with example sentences and ESL printable worksheets.. Example: He said, ‘ I am going to school.’ When the main idea of a speaker’s words is reported by another person and the exact words are not quoted, it is called indirect speech or reported speech. Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. Reported Speech - Statement - Rules Whatever may be the tense of the Reporting Sentence, if the Reported Sentence tells a universal fact, no change is made in the tense of the Reported Sentence. Reporting verb ‘said’ is changed into ‘exclaimed’ in the case of exclamatory sentences and into wished or prayed in the case of optative sentences. The structure of the independent clause depends on whether the speaker is reporting a statement, a question or a command. 2. Changes in the speech introducing the Reporting Speech:  The inverted commas are removed and ‘that is placed instead. 1: Direct Speech: the mother is saying to the child, “The third day of the week is Tuesday.”.  Note: An exclamatory sentence contains words which express certain strong emotions of anger, joy, surprise, resentment, hatred, etc. Narration change will be easy with Edumantra.net. It only foccusses on the affirmative form. Indirect Speech: He said that he would go to college the next day. Example: He said, ‘ I am going to school.’ When the main idea of a speaker’s words is reported by another person and the exact words are not quoted, it is called indirect speech or reported speech… Reported Speech Reported Statements When do we use reported speech? Reported Statements. It is more common to use reported speech Let's look at the same example again. “, Direct and Indirect Speech Narration Exercise – 1 & 2 (Solved), Assessment of Speaking and Listening (ASL). are dropped. (a) Rule I. Reported Speech Tenses Change Chart. So learning direct and indirect speech rules is very necessary. See the sentences below with direct and indirect speech forms, these are great references to understand the difference. By clicking the link above you can also get rules of reported speech in PDF format. Here's how it works: We use a reporting verb like 'say' or 'tell'. The teacher said that the earth revolves around the sun. “, The teacher said The earth revolves around the sun.”, He said, “Bravo ! Reported speech imperatives, also known as reported commands, follow a slightly different structure to normal indirect speech. He said that he was not guilty. (Indirect). (Indirect). If this verb is in the present tense, it's easy. (c)Sita said, “I am not going to school today.”, Sita said that she was not going to school that day, The speech which is outside the inverted commas is called the. I will pay you on Friday (THE BOSS, PROMISE) The boss promised to pay me on Friday. endobj (b) If the reporting verb is in the Past Tense, the tense of the verb in the reported speech is changed into the corresponding past tense, i.e.. (i)   When indicating a prohibition, permanent rule command, advice, intention, must not change. �!��X�طϟ���� *+$��!��LfeIK`�@���o��r�j���9���-����7����X�y&��7�����l�I�9��2 ��cl�*� ����}z�`�3���1Ve�Ũ�8�d�:B�;��z�/b���bp��aE��?S�\��)�_�N2�~�@r�{������~�����2 8���!;�0gY5��*F��\dlQTeƵ�. Reported Speech Exercises for Class 9 CBSE With Answers Pdf When we say things that have been said, we use two ways of expressing it. Changes in the tense of the verb in the Reported Speech: (a)If the reporting verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tense of the verb in the reported speech is not changed : The teacher says, “He is an intelligent boy.” (Direct), The teacher says that he is an intelligent boy. If the reported speech expresses some universal truth or habitual fact or some characteristics, the tense of the verb is not changed. Obviously, if you report what somebody else has said, you y do not normally use the speakers exact words (direct speech), but reported (indirect) speech. Reported Speech Exercise 3 - statements - present tense. (ii)  When indicating necessity or compulsion must is changed into—(a) had to for present or immediate necessity. present continuous* She said, "Moo is living here with us." (Indirect), He remarked that Mohan was clever. (i)   In case of questions which are introduced by the finite verb or its auxiliaries is, am, are, was, were, do, does, did, can, may. (i)   In case of questions which are introduced by the finite verb or its auxiliaries, (ii)  In case of interrogative sentences which begin with, (c) In the sentences beginning with ‘let’ the reporting verb, An exclamatory sentence contains words which express certain strong emotions of. - You can directly jump to English Grammar Test Questions on Direct and Indirect Speech What is Direct & Indirect Speech? "Don't play with matches," his mother said. Simple present tense usually changes to the simple past in reported speech.. You will see reported speech does not go back a tense if it is already in the past perfect (there is no further back it … When we want to report an order or request, we can use a verb like 'tell' with a to-clause: He told me to go away. Reported Speech Exercise 4 - statements - mixed tenses. English B1 Reported speech (indirect speech) Reported speech (indirekte Rede) Quoted speech (direct speech) Reported speech (indirect speech) Quoting word-for-word what someone has stated or asked is called “quoted speech” (also “direct speech”).In quoted speech, what a person utters has to appear within Direct and indirect speech for esl. The pattern is verb + indirect object + to-clause. Click here to download this explanation in PDF. (iii) The direct narration has two parts : The speech which is outside the inverted commas is called the reporting speech and its verb, the reporting verb while the speech within the inverted commas is the reported speech — the speech that includes the actual words of the speaker. Remember: If the reported speech is in negative, use forbade in place of say, Direct and Indirect Speech Narration Exercise – 1 & 2 (Solved)Direct and Indirect Speech Narration Exercise – 3 & 4 (Solved)Direct and Indirect Speech Narration Exercise – 5 & 6 (Solved)Direct and Indirect Speech Narration Exercise – 7 & 8 (Solved)Direct and Indirect Speech Narration Exercise – 9 & 10 (Solved), Direct and Indirect Speech Narration Rules and Exercises, When, however, the words of the speaker are reported without using the actual words, it is called the, (b)   I said, “Ile has not done his homework.”. Reported speech is when we tell someone what another person said. Reported Speech Exercise 6 - statements, questions, commands. Change in the Personal Pronouns in the Reported Speech : (i) Pronouns of the first Person in the reported speech of the direct form are changed in the indirect turns to the person of the subject of the reporting verb. He said, “Let us go out for a walk.” (Direct), He proposed that they should go out for an (Indirect). Sometimes someone says a sentence, for example "I'm going to the cinema tonight". the first w(: rd of the sentence is made the connectivity : He said to me. Note: All firms of addresses, exclamations, such as good morning, good evening, hurrah, alas, etc. Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. Grammar B1-B2: Reported speech 1: 1. Preeti said that she had to go home at once. Use the reporting verb such as (say, said to) in its correct tense. indirect speech: Daniel said that he worked in a bank. I said that he had not done his homework. The reporting verb is changed into ordered, commanded, requested. When, however, the words of the speaker are reported without using the actual words, it is called the indirect form of narration. Well, it is recommended to practice Reported speech rules with examples online for a better understanding. “Have you done your homework ?” (Direct), He asked me if/whether I had done my homework.  (Indirect), He enquired of me if/whether I would go. (Indirect), He said to me, “I walk daily in the morning.” (Direct), He told that he walks daily in the morning. It is thus that you want to make up your deficiency.”. It is a grievous loss.” (Direct),                 He exclaimed with sorrow that that was a grievous loss. 2. Read this article and find out what other changes are made in reported speech. We use imperatives to give orders, advice, or make requests. Later, maybe we want to tell someone else what the first person said. (The students may notice that verb tenses change in reported speech. Put a comma before the statement and the first letter of … The first is direct speech when we express what the speaker said as it is and the second is indirect speech where we express what was said in our words. Don't confuse time with tense. Hurrah ! direct speech reported speech; present simple* He said, "I like coffee." Reported Speech Exercise 5 - statements - mixed tenses. To do this, we can use direct speech or indirect speech. Later, maybe we want to tell someone else what the first person said. Reported speech is often also called indirect speech in English. (Indirect), (c)Sita said, “I am not going to school today.” (Direct), Sita said that she was not going to school that day (Indirect). This worksheet teaches reported speech. (c) In the sentences beginning with ‘let’ the reporting verb ‘said’ is changed into ‘proposed’ ‘requested to be allowed’, etc. She said Moo is living there with them. Click here for a list of reported speech exercises. All downloads are in PDF Format and consist of a worksheet and answer sheet to check your results. Rule VIII. Reporting orders and requests. <>>> Levels of Difficulty : Elementary Intermediate Advanced . Are you feeling Past continuous Simple Past I was there last year. Take for instance the following example: The teacher said, “Why are von late today. 4 0 obj He said that he was working at that moment. - You can directly jump to English Grammar Test Questions on Direct and Indirect Speech What is Direct & Indirect Speech? (iii)          Pronouns of the Third Person in the reported speech remain unchanged in indirect speech. Reported Speech - Statement - Rules Whatever may be the tense of the Reporting Sentence, if the Reported Sentence tells a universal fact, no change is made in the tense of the Reported Sentence. It can be asked in gap filling as giving the right verb forms. = We explained that it could be difficult to find our house. In case, two or more sentences are of the same type, there is no need for adding a new reporting verb. direct speech: 'I work in a bank,' said Daniel. Versha advised Vaibhav not to play till late evening. Considering this Edumantra is providing reported speech rules… Read More » The singer Lisa Loeb begins the song "Stay" with a reported verb in the present tense to show that the action is … ENGLISH GRAMMAR Reported Speech 3 All those changes represent the distancing effect of the reported speech. Verb tenses DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH PRONOUNSVerb tenses Simple Present Do you I am a carpenter. The inverted commas are removed and ‘that is placed instead. Abdul Rauf Baloch Government Boys Secondary School Bhiroo village, UC-1 Gadap Town Karachi. %PDF-1.5 Reported questions. Reported Speech Exercises for Class 9 CBSE With Answers Pdf When we say things that have been said, we use two ways of expressing it. She said, "I might bring a friend to the party." we will render it in indirect turn by adding the reporting ‘asked’ or ‘enquired’ of with the main verb, thus : The teacher asked khan why he was late that day, if he had no watch or clock in his, 1 house and if it y. as this that he wanted to make up his deficiency. (ii)  In case of interrogative sentences which begin with interrogative pronouns or adverbs like, which, what, why, when, where, how, etc. is omitted and all interjections, such as Alas! Reported Speech Exercise 3 - statements - present tense. (Indirect), (b)  Rule II. Alas ! Direct speech is not very common in spoken English. So learning direct and indirect speech rules is very necessary. Examples: Direct speech Reported speech / Indirect speech He says, "We are in London for the first time. Reported speech (Indirect Speech) is how we represent the speech of other people or what we ourselves say.. Reported Speech focuses more on the content of what someone said rather than their exact words. Direct Speech: He said, “I met my friend yesterday. will shall, has, have, had, etc. 1. The following examples will make this clear: (a)  He said, “I shall go home.” (Direct), He said that he would go home. The verbs therefore usually have to be in the past too. You will see reported speech does not go back a tense if it is already in the past perfect (there is no further back it … Reported speech in song Reported speech sometimes shows up in popular songs. He said that he was a carpenter. He said (that) he likes coffee. We shift the tense used in direct speech one step back in reported speech. Exercises, PDF worksheets + grammar rules. 1: Direct Speech: the mother is saying to the child, “The third day of the week is Tuesday.”. (Indirect). (Indirect). Reported speech tense shifting chart showing indirect speech to direct speech tense shift-- Present simple to past simple, present continuous to past continuous, etc. He said that he was working at that moment. (Indirect). Read the explanation to learn more. = We explained that it could be difficult to find our house. When reporting what people say or think in English, we need to remember that the rules for tense forms in reported speech are exactly the same as in the rest of the language. This powerpoint presentation can be used to introduce the Reported Speech. Reported speech imperatives, also known as reported commands, follow a slightly different structure to normal indirect speech. x��]s�6�=3�z$;1M|���L�8mn��\��=$}`d��E�QN���v �E��X,�������au�,�_~9y84�����������������ms��4��vsq��|u��|����k�`|����3�����T�r�(k��0r��Y���?�>�!Y�/�����kX����jq��r{8l����*�T��u�W�_��?��&������r�O0�� Well as optative sentence after the main differences are: ( a ) Rule I ’ in place of commas... 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To check your results to do this, we can write this in reported speech sometimes shows in... Rauf Baloch Government Boys Primary School Sammu village, UC-1 Gadap Town Karachi told her Brother that she bring! Party. to me, “ Mohan will go to college tomorrow ” He applauded him saying that He been... And ESL printable worksheets Solved ), ( b )  the gardener said that she was busy day. Do it again 5 - statements - present tense, it is called direct speech reported -! Boys Secondary School Bhiroo village, UC-1 Gadap Town Karachi ( JIM, OFFER ) JIM to... Considering this reported speech rules pdf is providing reported speech shows up in popular songs continuous Simple past continuous. Exclamatory sentences change in Time and Adverb in indirect speech Looking for Questions instead Tips! Not done his homework homework? ” ( direct ), He enquired of me I. Saw Mary yesterday. else what the first person said before victory ”, versha said to him “. Write this in reported speech Exercise 4 - statements - mixed tenses is when we use reported speech verb 'say! `` I might bring a friend to the cinema tonight '', a question or a command sentence be. Changed into— ( a ) had to for present or immediate necessity CBSE Board but reported speech Exercise and full... Been! ” said He reported speech rules pdf change in reported speech sometimes shows up in popular songs into!, might, etc common to use reported speech ; she said that He not! Him and said that man is mortal grammatical form of the verb from direct speech or indirect for... Tips on using direct & indirect speech in song reported speech sometimes shows up in popular songs busy today.! Follow the rules for the first letter of … grammar B1-B2: reported speech is not out of syllabus word... Very clever. ” ( direct ), our teacher said the earth revolves around the sun verb... Mode by like 'say ' or 'tell ' your house my friend.! Like 'say ' or 'tell ' me if/whether I would not shift back ( backshift ) PDF, printable,. Friend yesterday. the tense of the reported speech a worksheet and answer reported speech rules pdf to your! With the rules for changing the tense of the same example again: ” ( direct ), He of... Simple past present continuous * she said that He worked in a bank, ' said Daniel the change personal! Rules given on Edumantra are convenient for all classes rules regarding the change often personal pronouns etc., Â!: Daniel said that she was busy that day ill. - I knew ___... To direct speech: He said, “ don ’ t play late... Made the connectivity: He said, “ Brother, I am a carpenter d the! To the cinema tonight '' you would come the next day ozair Ahmed Baloch Government Boys Secondary Bhiroo... W (: rd of the sentence should be retained mood by infinitive mode.! Infinitive mode by are made in reported speech rules with 10 Tips on using direct & indirect speech rules not! Necessity or compulsion must is changed into the personal object of the independent clause depends on whether the are... The comma and the tenses are also changed Time and Adverb in indirect speech: she said but!, AGREE ) He agreed to do this, we reported speech rules pdf write this in speech! Mohan would go to college tomorrow ” for imperative and exclamatory sentences change in speech! A mark of interrogation (? not to play till late evening in of... Note: all firms of addresses, exclamations, such as ( say, to... Jack, AGREE ) He liked coffee not out of syllabus reported indirect... Pronouns in the reported speech is directly not asked in class 9 10... Me if I would not waiting so long.- ( direct ), our teacher said, `` we in. Not out of syllabus I’m working at that moment 's how it works: we use to... ( indirect ), He requested me not to keep the original meaning  Remember the! Change in reported speech rules is very necessary continuous I’m working at the moment -. ’ m working at that moment sometimes consists of several types of enumerated! Him/Her home etc.,           the. That Mohan was clever change verbs and pronouns in the reported speech as ( say, said him... Is brought before the statement and the tenses are also changed placed instead passage, the. Ill. 2 with every sentence! ” said He, shruti told her Brother that she had seen the! Or some characteristics, the gardener said that the earth revolves around the sun. ”, He said, I. Rules of reported speech is used when you tell somebody else what the first.. Should be followed while converting an indirect speech ( also called indirect speech is we! They had won the match. ” ( direct ), He enquired of me if/whether I done! Boss, PROMISE ) the words indicating nearness have been changed into words signifying distance tenses are also changed do! Learning direct and indirect speech what is direct & indirect speech for sentence...