These materials are softer to limit injury potential in less-skilled players. Chemistry is involved in the making of everything, and a softball bat is no exception. The final product is a man-made object, and all of the pieces are made in laboratories. To avoid costly surprises, make sure you know all league requirements before you go bat shopping. Traditionally, wood bats have been made from ash. For the most part, a lighter bat of this material will last more and will have a greater sweet spot too, an awesome blend for any individual who needs to get one. Aluminum bats are bats made of either single-walled or double-walled aluminum material. Aluminum bats are lighter than wooden ones, don't break and allow players to hit the ball farther and faster. The 7055 models have more zirconium for added durability. Epoxy is a great structural adhesive made out of two parts, epoxide and polyamine. The professional, high-quality bats are made of polyurethane or long fiber kapok; a fiber that is gotten from a tree in Central America. The professional, high-quality bats are made of polyurethane or long fiber kapok; a fiber that is gotten from a tree in Central America. It was created in 1958 by Roger Bacon at the Union Carbide Parma Technical Center in Ohio. Whether a bat is made of aluminum or wood, as long as it follows the standard implemented by the NCAA, it’s good to go. Make sure to ask the business rep what should fit your tallness and weight or get a graph on the web. Like the aluminum bats, all-composite bats are one of the best softball bats because of its sweet spot on its barrel that gives you the best hit. really better than the rest, so your task should be carefully considered before buying. Bats made from these materials are known to hit the ball further than wooden bats. This makes the handle lighter and allows the alloy barrel to be made longer than on a traditional alloy bat. This four-digit designation (Xxxx) is used by all industries in the identification of Al alloys, (instead of the myriad trademark and other designations such as C405, Cu31, and DF24A), so that engineers know exactly what they are working … Fastpitch Softball Bats have a 2 ” barrel diameter and a length to weight ratio between -8 and -13. Bat is then baked in an oven to fuse them all together. The materials give composite bats vital properties such as improved weight distribution, greater strength, and better pop. All softball bats will be required to have a 2” barrel diameter, but the certification stamps required may vary (and not every bat carries every stamp). They are made out of a carbon fiber polymer, which is then mixed in with graphite and fiberglass. The Cover: Softball manufacturers use either leather, synthetic materials or rubber coverings, which are glued or cemented to the softball’s center. Maple is harder and its grain is denser as compared to ash, making it less susceptible to splintering and chafing. Wooden bats are mostly abandoned in competitive fastpitch softball. To be able to answer it, a close look at the physics that goes into the engineering of a softball bat is required. Today, there are various composite choices to choose from such as all-composite bats, bats with composite outer shells over aluminum barrels, bats with composite handles and aluminum barrels, and some all-composite double-wall bats. This is useful for softball bats because the continuous repetition of contact with softballs will not damage it. Most wooden bats are made from ash; other woods include maple, hickory, and bamboo. Some are 100 percent composite, while others have composite handles and barrels made from steel alloys, carbon or other materials. Pin is used to make the correct balance, Fiber Glass- (Al₂O₃)₉(B₂O₃)₅(MgO)₈₅(SiO₂): A part that helps build the walls, A steel pin is drilled into the knob to attain correct balance, Two Main Components: Carbon Fiber and Epoxy, Carbon Fiber is extremely thin strands of carbon twisted together, and these strands are exceptionally strong and remarkably light weight. Making carbon fiber is a very expensive process because of the complex machinery and molds it takes to make it. Main materials used in a composite softball bat: Carbon fiber sheet -C3H3N: Form the shape of the bat, Aramid- C₁₄H₁₀N₂O₂: Synthetic fibers that help build the walls, Epoxy-C₂₁H₂₅CLO₅: Structural Adhesive that keeps everything in the bat together, Poly-carbonate plug-C₁₅H₁₆O₂: Used for weight and to seal off the end, Steel Rod/Pin-Fe₃C: Rob is used to shape the bat, but is eventually removed. It will be simpler to swing and more precise when it is in movement. Aluminum bats can be made of pure aluminum or aluminum alloys. You'll see aluminum bats in youth leagues or in casual backyard games but Major League Baseball only allows bats made of wood. Louisville slugger is the main company that makes softball bats. Making bats the Louisville Slugger way. For example, carbon fiber is made in a five step process involving chemistry. Home » Guides » Materials Used in Softball Bats. The leather is stitched around the ball with red thread made of either linen or cotton. Other characteristics include good heat resistance, and good conductor of electricity (one reason why bats should not be used during lightning storms). Softball bat is made using different materials. A twofold layer bat will give the hitter somewhat more power than a single layer. Softballs are comprised of two parts, including a core and a covering. These aluminum bats available in the market can produce batted ball speeds of 90-100 mph. Carbon Fiber is stronger than steel, and also lighter. Epoxy Resin is injected, mold applies hot pressure to bake layers together, then forming the shape, Steel form is removed since bat can hold its own form, and is tested for flexibility using pneumatic equipment, The end is cut to shape a knob, and bat is sanded, Bat is painted with primer, spray paint, and decals and laser printers to make design, Poly-carbonate plug is added to the end for weight and is sealed with resin. 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